If you have just lost teeth, been through an accident, or are losing teeth due to certain medications, your dentist might suggest you get dental implants or a dental bridge.
Dental Implants are titanium posts inserted into the jaw bone. These implants replicated the root of a natural tooth and are tooth replacements.
Implants are permanent, long-term, and are used to replace teeth. These bonds strongly with the jaw bone creating an anchor to hold the replacement tooth.
This article discusses the Dental Implants procedure and results in detail.
There are a number of reasons why your dentist would recommend you getting an implant.
These might be due to cavities, fractured or broken teeth, grinding teeth, accidents, etc.
Dental Implants vs Dentures
A denture is a replaceable tooth. In this procedure, missing teeth, as well as gum tissues, are removed to place the denture.
Dentures are usually made of a pink gum-colored acrylic base while some dentures might include a metal framework to provide extra strength and support.
Types of Dentures
There are two types of Dentures, these include:
Complete Dentures: These are used to replace all teeth in the upper or lower jaw or both of the jaws. Your dentist might recommend them if you have bone loss due to dental diseases.
Partial Dentures: These are used to fill in the gaps. These dentures are used when the tooth structure is still present in our mouth.
Clasps are placed to support the denture with existing teeth.
The major difference between implants and dentures is their durability. Dental implants are durable if taken care of and can last for a lifetime.
Dental implants help to preserve the bone prevent the gums from shrinking, therefore, reducing the risk of losing more teeth.
Implants look natural and more likely to look like real teeth while dentures look bulky.
Dental implants are a modern solution to replace missing teeth as tooth replacements.
Your broken or injured teeth will be replaced with a titanium screw that infuses with the jaw bone. This acts as an anchor for dental restoration.
As a result, chewing and speaking abilities improve along with your look.
A dental implant is a surgical procedure and requires a number of specialists. These are:
- Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon
- Periodontist (a dentist specializing in treating structures that support teeth)
- Prosthodontist ( a dentist who designs and its artificial teeth)
- An ENT specialist
Dental implants are a surgical procedure, therefore proper care should be taken for the procedure. This includes the following steps:
Dental X-rays and 3D images are taken to make models of your teeth.
Before taking any medical surgery, your doctor will take the medical history. Whether you have been taking any supplements, over the counter medications.
If you have suffered from any illness in the near future or are suffering at present you should tell your doctor.
In case you are a heart patient or had orthodontic implants, your doctor might prescribe you antibiotics.
A treatment plan is devised by your doctor keeping in view how many teeth need to be replaced, the condition of your jaw bone, bone loss, and remaining teeth.
What Steps are Involved?
There are a few steps involved in this procedure. These are:
- Removal of damaged tooth or teeth
- Placement of dental implant
- Bone growth and healing
- Abutment placement
- Artificial tooth placement
It depends on your bone healing situation that if some steps can be combined or not.
Placing an implant can take a few months.
This process is done to create a solid base for the implant. In case your jaw bone is soft or not thick enough, it will not be able to hold the implant and the surgery will fail.
The bone grafting material is of various options. The option may include natural bone graft or a synthetic bone graft.
It may take a few months to grow the grafted bone.
Placing an Implant
The surgeon will cut your gum and expose the bone during the surgery. To place the medical implant, your surgeon will drill a hole where the metal post will be placed.
This post acts as the root of the tooth as it is implanted deep into the bone. A partial denture can be placed in the tooth gap for appearance if needed.
To avoid pain and discomfort your dentist will inject local anesthesia.
Bone Growth and Healing
The process of Osseointegration begins once the implant has been placed.
During this stage, the bone grows and attaches itself to the metal post.
In some cases, this process is done while an implant is being placed and you won’t need additional surgery.
After the implant of the abutment, a gap of two weeks is given before the artificial tooth is placed.
Your doctor takes various impressions of your mouth and remaining teeth to make the crown.
It cannot be placed until your jawline is strong enough to hold the crown.
Your dentist will let you chose what type of artificial teeth you want. There are two types of artificial teeth i.e. Removable and fixed teeth.
Removable teeth are partial teeth. It is like an artificial tooth surrounded by pink plastic gum and mounted on a metal frame attached to the implant abutment.
Moreover, you can easily remove them for repair and cleaning.
Fixed teeth are permanently screwed onto the implant abutment. Each crown is attached to its implant.
The abutment is attached to your artificial teeth and is either removable or fixed.
You might feel some discomfort during and after the surgery. It is as follows
- swellings on gums and face
- pain at the implant site
Doctors prescribe pain medications and antibiotics after the surgery. In case the pain or swelling becomes worse, you should consult the doctor immediately.
The injected local anesthesia wears off in a day or so. You need to eat soft food after each step of the surgery to aid the healing process.
Moreover, your dentist places dissolvable stitches to avoid any pain or discomfort.
The procedure of implants is usually a long-term and successful one but if the bone has not infused sufficiently with the implant, it might cause problems.
By taking care of the following steps, you can ensure long-lasting effects.
Good Oral hygiene: Specially designed brushes are available in the market if you have dental implants. They help you keep your teeth and gums clean.
Regular checkups: You need to have regular appointments with the doctor to ensure your implants are functioning properly.
Avoid damaging habits: Avoid chewing hard items like ice and hard candy to protect the crown of your implant. Avoid tobacco and caffeine products.
Advantages of Dental Implants
Dental implants have many advantages. These are:
- Better Appearance:
Dental implants look more like original teeth and they become permanent when infused with bone.
- Improved comfort:
Implants are comfortable as you do not need to, replace them with dentures.
- Better speech:
Dentures do not fit properly in the mouth hence, they cause slurring and mumbling. Implants are fixed, therefore your speech is normal.
Dental implants are permanent, so you do not have to worry about your teeth slipping within your mouth.
- Improved oral hygiene:
Maintaining oral hygiene is easier in the case of dental implants as compared to bridges.
Your doctor places bridges after they reduce the size of nearby teeth.
However, Dental Implants infuse within the bone and jaw hence, they are easier to maintain.
- Easier eating:
As dental implants are like your natural teeth, they allow you to eat easily without any pain caused.
Dental implants are durable, long-term and will last for many years.
Factors Affecting Dental Implant Success
There are a few factors that can affect the success of implants. These are:
- Gums: Healthy gums are important for the dental implant process. In case you have an infection in the gum, it can damage the bone and gums, thus failing the procedure.
- Smoking: Studies suggest that people who smoke have at least a 20% chance of implant failure as smoking damages the nerves uses around dental implants.
- Insufficient Jaw Bone: If the jaw bone has not been able to grow sufficiently, or there is significant bone loss. then your surgeon will not be able to place the implant. In case there is lesser bone density, there is an increased risk of bone fractures.
- Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes makes the healing process slow. The use of certain medications like steroids can also result in failure.
Signs of Dental Implant Failure
There are a few signs of dental implant failures. These are:
- you might face difficulty in chewing
- there might be some gum infection around the implants
- the implant may cause an increase in swelling
- you might lose the implant if you chew hard or eat sticky food
- severe pain and discomfort
Potential Risks and Complications
Most dental implant surgeries as explained above are often successful but at times when the jawline is not strong enough it might not hold the crown in place.
Moreover, you may bleed, have allergic reactions or infections if the procedure is not planned carefully.
Remember, you need a professional and experienced doctor for this process.
Hence trust Dentist Ahmed for your Dental Implants surgery.
Your gums, mouth, and jaws should be in a healthy condition if you want to increase the success of having an implant procedure.
If you take proper care afterward and maintain good oral hygiene the success rate is much higher than failure.
Make an appointment with your dentist and carefully plan the whole procedure. Tell your dentist about any medical condition you might have suffered from your the past or any in the present.
In case you are diabetic or a heart patient mention that to your doctor as this helps in the healing process.
By the end of the procedure, it is common to feel pain and discomfort.
You should take special care of your oral hygiene for at least 2 months.
In case you experience any discomfort consult your doctor immediately.
At Dentist Ahmed’s clinic, our staff will make sure that you experience no pain and your Dental Implant procedure goes smoothly.
Book your appointment with us if you wish to improve your smile and quality of life with Dental Implants.