Having gap in teeth can be embarrassing for a lot of people. It hits on your confidence level and makes you feel vulnerable.
So what is gap in teeth? This basically means that there is extra space between your teeth. This spacing issue is what we call gap in teeth. Also its clinical term is Diastema.
While the look itself is something many people are not comfortable with. It can further become embarrassing when you have food stuck between your teeth.
Also when this happens, it can make your gums feel sore and even tender. If this is not taken care of in time, it can lead to gum diseases and long-term concerns.
This article is going to be looking into all that you need to know about teeth gaps, concerns, hereditary issues, treatment and overall view on the condition.
So let’s begin:
What is Diastema ?
So basically this means that you have a gap or space in between the teeth. The spaces form inside the mouth and can be anywhere. However the most prominent space where it can happen is between the upper front teeth.
The condition is a common one. Also it can happen in both adults and children. However the good news is that this is not a long-term concern. It can be treated properly.
Actually in certain cases, as you age, the gap between the teeth begins to lessen and close down even. But this is not true in all situations.
While in certain cases, the gap are small and you will not even notice it, but in others it is significantly big. So the good news is that there are ways in which you can close the gap and even reduce its size.
Now let’s talk about the Teeth gap types that are common and usually found in people:
Types of Teeth Gaps
- A gap which is between your side teeth
- Gap that is coming between the front two teeth and is different in size
- Having gaps which are around the canines on either side
- In rare cases, you may be suffering from gap between teeth from all the sides
So why does it happen? Let’s now hit upon the different causes of diastema.
Causes of Gap in Teeth
Having gappy teeth is a common condition. It can happen to anyone. Let’s talk about why it can happen to you.
While some people are concerned with how it cosmetically affects them, for others it can also pose health concerns and risks. So it is best that you have your teeth examined by a dentist to see how it is affecting your life.
This includes the indication that gap in teeth is because of an overbite. I will now talk about some of the most common reasons why someone is suffering from gap in teeth.
Size Ratio Proportion
This means when someone’s teeth are too small, they may cause issue with the proper adjustment with the jawbone. It leads to the formation gaps in between the teeth.
But this condition is something that sets in due to your genes. It can cause trouble to the way your smile looks but it is also treatable.
Sometimes the issue is not as complicated. It can so happen that you have some missing teeth or teeth which are smaller than the others.
When this condition happens, it can cause you to have gap in teeth. The majority of cases involve where the upper lateral incisors are not synched in perfect coordination.
When there are missing upper incisors, the gaps continue to evolve in between the front teeth. Sometimes the condition can get further complicated and you can have gap in teeth from various ends and not just the front teeth.
Concerns with Labial Frenum
Before anything else, let me tell you what is labial frenum? This is basically that tissue which exists in the inside of the upper lip and it covers the gum from the upper front teeth.
In some people this tissue is actually quite big, and that is troublesome as it forms issues between the teeth.
This is when your tongue is actually pressing against the roof of the mouth. When that happens a person may face issues with how their teeth placement is happening. It cause problems for you. And a gap begins to form which can go even deeper.
Gap Teeth Causes in Children
Children also suffer from gap teeth and their reasons may be due to something else. You will notice how children actually suffer from temporary diastema problems. This is when the baby teeth actually fall out.
In most cases when the permanent teeth come in, they form in such a way that there is no significant gap between them.
But in other cases, there can be issues with the proper alignment of the teeth. And when this happens, there are chances that gap between the teeth can form.
So now that you have a fair understanding as to why this condition happens and among what kind of people, let’s talk about the treatment for diastema.
Treatment for Gap in Teeth
When we talk about the treatment, it usually relates to the cause. Your doctor will not prescribe a treatment method without knowing what is the actual cause for it.
Some people have diastema and their reason to get treatment is solely because they don’t like the way their teeth look.
This is a reason why you will want to have a procedure done. For others, gap in teeth can suggest some serious concerns which need immediate and due attention.
One of the major issues could be a gum disease- your diastema is pointing towards that.
For such cases you will need to take due action quickly. And this can include getting braces. These wire brackets are helpful in putting pressure on the teeth and having them move close together. This treatment takes time but it is helpful.
However not everyone warms up to the treatment of braces. In such cases, it is best if you talk to your doctor and get to know other procedures- cosmetic and clinical- which can help your condition.
Nowadays, a popular treatment which is an advance way of handling braces is called Veneers. It is more easy to maneuver and it allows you to remove the veneers at night to have a restful sleep.
Also bonding is becoming common. It is when a tooth-colored composite is made use of which fills the gaps and covers the teeth. It basically hides away the ugliness.
When to Go For Surgery
Sometimes the suggested treatments are well-equipped for simple cases but some times it can become more complicated than that. In issues where the gap in teeth is causing you to have pain and is also becoming a root cause for several dental diseases, it is best to get treatment.
The surgery is useful as it actually removes any excess tissue in a proper manner. In this too you may have to wear braces for a while. But that is entirely upon the discretion of your doctor.
In case your doctor has diagnosed that you are indeed suffering from gum disease, you may have to go treatment for an infection first. The surgery and its duration depends on the condition of the teeth and the gums entirely.
It is best to understand the condition first of the teeth in a proper informed manner before taking on some step hastily.
To Sum Up
Gap in teeth is a very common condition among adults and children. For some people it is solely a reason of worry because they don’t like the way they look.
For others, the condition can be advanced and a little more worrisome. Like having dental problems and dental diseases. For such cases, you need to consult a dentist and your doctor to get the best treatment option.
The good thing is in most cases, your diastema is something that can be taken care of. The condition can be corrected.
Some treatments can also help in restoring the bone health. In such cases you will suffer from inflammation.
In many cases, you can’t run away from diastema. It is not possible to prevent it. But in many cases you can ensure a treatment in a timely manner. But when it comes to prevention tactics, dentists suggest two things.
Firstly, don’t suck on your thumb. This habit should be eradicated from young children as soon as possible.
The other thing is that you should make a regular habit of brushing and flossing your teeth. This allows you to stay safe from such issues for a longer period of time.
Gap in teeth is not a worrisome condition. With awareness’ and proper precaution, you can very well control it.