It is will come across as no surprise that smoking is one of the most harmful habits you can adapt. Aside from a range of heath issues which relate to even gum disease, it can also prove to be very fatal for a person.

There is no sugarcoating this fact. Smoking causes a range of diseases and it can be very harmful for your health.

However one of the major issues you will face is gum disease.

It damages your mouth, gums and teeth in a large number of ways and sometimes it is irreversible. You just can’t come back from such a condition. .

This is because it is the accumulation of bacteria on your teeth for many years. Smoking’s effects don’t come into view right away. It is years of harmful effects that damage your teeth in the long run.

The dental plaque continues to accumulate on your teeth and can cause the worse kinds of gum disease to form on your teeth.

Let’s now get into the topic in detail:

Gum Diseases

what are gum diseases

One of the most common diseases you will face is known as periodontitis. It is a common issue among smokers and more or less relates to the bacterial growth in your mouth.

Tooth loss becomes very common if this condition is not treated properly.

The bacteria gets under your teeth. If the germs stay on the teeth for long, different layers of plaque start to form on the teeth which continue to harden.

This leads to the development of tartar.

Now, I want to touch upon a very important topic.

You might have heard of periodontal disease and gingivitis. It is important to know what is the difference between the two.

Difference between Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis is also known as gum inflammation.

It is the condition which takes place before the setting of the periodontal disease.

However when it comes to periodontal, it is not necessary that all kinds of gingivitis will lead to this severe condition

See suffering from gingivitis is not as uncommon, in fact many people will have this condition at some point in their lives.

It is not hard to recover from it.

But, if this is not treated in a timely manner, chances are it will get worse and you will suffer from even worse conditions which includes periodontal disease.

When you are in the early stages of gingivitis, you will have plaque building on your gums.

This leads to gum inflammation.  You will feel irritation on your gums but they are still properly intact in the sockets.

You will also not have any bone tissue at this point.

What Leads to Periodontal Disease

But now is the time to treat it properly. If that doesn’t happen, your gum and bones will start to pull away from the teeth.

This leads to the formation of pockets. The pockets or small spaces are where debris begins to accumulate. This leads to the teeth and gums getting infected.

It is what we call the happening of the periodontal disease.

The major effect and concern with this is that certain toxins which release when the plaque starts building, start to break the bone and connective tissues. These are the important element which keep the teeth in place.

When this happens, the pockets of debris get even deeper and this leads to the destruction of more of gum tissue and bones in the mouth.

Now I want to talk about what leads to the rise of gum diseases:

Causes of Gum Disease

Since it is a very progressive condition.

You are already aware that the major cause for this is plaque. But it has to do with more than just that. Some other causes are:

Hormonal imbalance

This is when your hormonal levels change during a condition, like in pregnancy, puberty, menstruation and even menopause would lead to gum sensitivity. When that happens, chances of you developing gingivitis get even higher.

Having an illness

Now this doesn’t pertain to any kind of illness but we are specifically talking out about issues that relate to your mouth. This also means those diseases which affect the way your immune system works.

Being on Medications

If you are on heavy medications, chances are your saliva production will lessen. This has many roles in your body. One being it is kind of a protective layer and keeps your teeth and gums in good condition.

Poor Oral Hygiene

what is poor oral hygiene

In case of being subjected to poor oral hygiene, you will be setting your teeth for various kinds of troubles and issues in the long run. Adapting simple hygiene practices enables for you to keep your oral hygiene in good condition. So you should be brushing and flossing on a regular basis.

Family History

This is a leading and contributing factor. If you are part of a family in which having such diseases is common, it is also likely that you will be suffering from the same conditions.

Affirming to Bad Habits

Again smoking is one of the leading issues you want to take care of. It makes your teeth rotten and invites many troubles for the mouth, starting off with teeth plaque.

So now that you have a pretty good idea on the causes of gum diseases, how do you know that there is something serious happening within your mouth that needs your due attention.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

The biggest thing you need to know about this condition is that it actually painless. This means you won’t really be knowing if you are suffering from periodontal  or gingivitis.

The symptoms are also kind of subtle so you need to be very careful in watching out for the warning signals.

Look out for these signs and issues to know if there is any trouble in paradise:

  • Your gums will be very swollen, they will be red in color whereas in case of healthy gums, they are usually pink and firm in place
  • Your gums will bleed every time you brush your teeth; they will also bleed afterwards
  • Receding gums is also another sign to look out for
  • In a matter of days you will notice that your teeth are becoming loose and shifting
  • You will notice that deep pockets begin to form in the mouth; this is what locks in the debris
  • Also there will be changes in the ways in which your teeth fit together especially when you are biting down
  • You will be having bad breath most of the time, despite cleaning your teeth often
  • Painful chewing is also a major symptom. This is when you are trying to consume anything not soft and when you try to bite hard, you feel a painful sensation.
  • This also happens during the fitting of your partial dentures

While these symptoms will usually happen in most of the cases, in some, you will not notice any symptoms at all.

In such cases, the disease can progress indefinitely as you don’t know if the symptoms are deteriorating or no. For such individuals, it is best that you visit the dentist and get to know the real state of the condition so that the treatment can be provided accordingly.

Now I want to share my thoughts on how smoking fits into the whole equation:

Smoking and How it Relates to Gum Disease

smoking and gum disease

Smoking is one the worst traits you can have when it comes to your gum condition. It basically relates to how it directly impacts your immunity.

When you smoke heavily, your immunity drops. This impacts all the different parts of your body especially your oral hygiene.

So it becomes hard for your body to fight off gum conditions, making your gums more prone to different conditions and complications.

Here’s a little list for you to look into and understand how gum diseases directly relates to smoking:

  • When it comes to getting the disease, a smoker will have twice the chances of contracting the disease as compared to a non-smoker
  • Your chances of getting the disease directly link with how many cigarettes’ you are smoking in day
  • The longer you smoke, the more chances are you will get a gum disease
  • If you are a heavy smoker, chances are getting a treatment for the condition will not work if your state has become extensively severe

Treatment of Gum Disease

Regular cleaning is a good way to prevent the condition from getting severe. Also brushing and flossing on a daily basis means that you can treat any early condition that you may have including gingivitis.

  • However for advanced issues where the condition has gotten worse, it is best to implement the following:
    Deep cleaning below the gum line is helpful
  • Make use of prescribed mouth rinse or medication
  • Surgery can be done which will remove the tartar from under the gums
  • Also surgery is a good option when you have to heal the bone or gums
  • One option your doctor uses is make use of healthy tissue from one side, to cover the exposed tooth roots as well as make use of small pieces of bone to be placed in areas where it is lost


what are gum diseases

So there you have it. Gum diseases is one of the common complications many can suffer, however it is more so common in those who are also heavy smokers as their immunity is already down and it becomes hard for them to adapt a proper system of hygiene.