Do you know that you can have itchy gums due to a number of reasons?

Itchy gums are common and there are different reasons, why they may occur ranging from an allergic reaction to issues with your teeth.

Moreover, understanding the possible causes, and whether they are an early sign of an issue can help prevent other health problems as well.

Gums are the soft tissues that surround your teeth and provide a seal around each tooth.

Furthermore, healthy gums are crucial for protecting your teeth and itching is often a sign of bacterial build-up between your teeth and gums.

However, itchy gums are easy to treat and with the help of good oral and dental hygiene, you can prevent most of the problems.

In some cases, however, itchy gums can potentially be a sign of underlying serious concerns.

These can be gum diseases, thus, make sure to visit a doctor or seek medical advice if the symptoms persist.

Keep on reading.

Symptoms of Itchy Gums

One of the important things to note is that itchy gums can have a number of causes, so other symptoms can help determine the exact problem.

These are:

  • Itching can also affect the roof of your mouth indicating it to be an allergy
  • red, irritated, or inflamed gums can point to the first stage of gum disease
  • pain, aching, or swelling can be a result of an injury or tooth abscess

Moreover, gums that bleed lightly for a short time are common, like when you begin flossing your teeth for the first time.

However, regular bleeding can potentially be a sign of an underlying concern your dentist needs to check.

Causes of Itchy Gums

Figuring out the possible causes of your itchy gums can help you find the right treatment.

If you are not sure what is causing the symptom, make an appointment with your dentist.

Together, you can rule out some of the causes until your find the one that explains the itchy gums you are experiencing.

Let’s discuss the causes of itchy gums as follows:

Gum Injuries

Trauma or injuries to your gums can cause pain, discomfort, and itching.

Moreover, these injuries can occur as a result of a physical injury, like an injury sustained while playing spots.

While an injury can also result from certain behaviors.

These include teeth grinding or bruxism, which can also lead to headaches, jaw pain, and even itchy gums.

However, your gums can also become irritated and itchy from using e-cigarettes and vaping.

Plaque Accumulation

A thin coating or film of plaque, which is a colorless, sticky substance can build up over time on your teeth.

Mucus and food that mixes with bacteria can create an overgrowth of plaque.

Over time, this plaque can lead to gum diseases.

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Some of the symptoms of plaque build-up are:

  • gum sensitivity
  • bleeding while busing your teeth
  • gums that itch


It is important to note that the first phase of gum disease is Gingivitis.

Another name for gum disease is periodontal disease. While gingivitis is a mild form of this disease and occurs due to the buildup of plaque.

Moreover, at this phase, gingivitis likely has not caused any other additional complications.

Learn more about Hormonal Imbalance and Oral Health in Women here.

Other Causes

Some other potential causes of itchy gums are as follows;

Allergic Reactions

An allergy occurs when your body attacks its own cells instead of foreign bodies like bacteria, viruses, or pathogens.

A sensitivity or allergy to a certain substance can also cause itchy gums.

These can also include certain foods, seeds, medicines, and pets. Moreover, some seasonal allergies like hay fever can also cause itchy gums.

Hormonal Changes

Changes or swings in your hormone levels can also affect how your gums feel.

Many women during pregnancy, puberty, menstruation, or menopause can experience itchy gums more frequently.

itchy gums 1

Moreover, they may also experience other symptoms like:

  • pain
  • sensitivity
  • bleeding during these times

Dry Mouth

Your mouth does a good job of regulating the natural moisture in it.

In some cases, however, certain medications or medical conditions can keep your mouth from producing enough saliva to help keep your gums and tongue moist.

This leads to dry mouth, and one of the common symptoms of dry mouth is itchy gums.

Ill-fitted Dental Devices

In case the dentures and partials do not fit well in your mouth, they can lead to problems.

If there is a gap between these devices, and your gums, foods can sneak in.

Bacteria can also start to grow and an infection may develop that leads to inflammation, sensitivity, and itchy gums.

Treatment Options

Treatment for itchy gums depends on what is causing your gums to itch.

There are a number of treatments for itchy gums. Some of them are home remedies while in some cases, you will need treatment from your dentist.

Let’s discuss them as follows:

Procedures and Medicines

These include:

Antihistamines: In case the itchy gums are a result of allergies, an antihistamine medication can help stop the symptoms.

Teeth Guards: These help to prevent further damage to your teeth. You can wear a dental guard while playing contact sports and while you are asleep.


Plaque Scaling: This is an electric tool that helps your dentist to remove tartar and plaque buildup from above and below the gum line.

Moreover, it is unlikely that brushing alone can help remove this buildup.

Root Planing: In some cases, your dentist can use this procedure to remove severe tartar buildup due to receding gums.

Lasering: This procedure helps to remove plaque and tartar.

Furthermore, it may be an effective treatment in addition to traditional scaling and planing.

Home Remedies and Self-Care

Some home remedies and self-care tips are as follows:

Proper Dental Hygiene

Brushing and flossing twice a day or after every meal, a day can help and is vital to good oral health.

Moreover, you should consider using toothpaste that is designed to help prevent tartar and plaque buildup.

If you have an issue with inflammation or gum infections, an alcohol-free antiseptic mouthwash can help.

Also, taking good care of both your teeth and gums in the first place can go a long way to help prevent any future problems.

Salt Water

Mix or dissolve 1 teaspoon of salt in 8 ounces of lukewarm water.

Then gently swish the water around in your mouth and spit it out. This saltwater can help relieve itching and irritation in your gums.

oral hygiene

Ice Cubes

Another home remedy you can use is ice cubes.

Gently suck on ice cubes to cool gums and stop itching. As a bonus, the ice cubes can also help hydrate you.

Lifestyle Changes

It is important to note that smoking can irritate your gum health.

Quitting it can help make the itching stop. This also includes using e-cigarettes and vaping.

Furthermore, avoiding foods that can irritate your gms can also help. Spicy, acidic, starchy, or sugary foods are the most common culprits for gum irritation.

Preventing Itchy Gums

One of the best ways to prevent itchy gums is to take care of your teeth and gums.

The fewer the problems you have with your teeth and gums, the fever symptoms of periodontal disease you will likely experience.

Some of the tips to prevent itchy gums are as follows;

Have Regular Cleanings:  It is important to visit your dentist twice a year for a deep cleaning procedure.

Your dentist can also use these appointments to monitor the health of your teeth and gums and look for any potential future problems.

Brush and Floss Dialy:  Brushing your teeth twice a day, and flossing at least once a day can help.

Moreover, you can also rinse with alcohol-free antiseptic mouthwash if you have had problems with inflammation and infection.

dental cleanings

Rinse your teeth after meals: Brushing after eating a meal is a good idea, however, rinsing your teeth will help remove food.

This can also help cut down on bacteria growth.

Limit Irritating Foods: Certain foods like starchy, acidic, and sugary foods can aggravate sensitive gums.

However, if you experience itchy gums when you eat such foods, cut back on them to end the symptoms.

When to see a Doctor or Dentist?

One of the important things to note is that if the symptoms persist, then you should seek medical advice or see a dentist, as the first stage of gum disease or gingivitis can often be controlled and treated easily.

Your dentist can help you and advise on changes to diet and lifestyle and provide initial care like a professional cleaning.

Moreover, a dentist or dental hygienist will need to remove tartar, as you cannot do this at home. This process is Scaling.

There is, however, no clear test for OAS, but you can tell if you have an allergy by taking a skin allergy test for pollen or by discussing the history of your symptoms with your doctor.

Making sure to avoid consuming any raw fruits or vegetables that may be causing a reaction or peeling them before eating can also help.

Furthermore, if mouth injuries or bruxism are causing itchy gums, then wearing a custom-made mouthguard can help prevent teeth grinding.

Additionally, using a dental guard can be the best option to prevent any further damage to both oyur teeth and gums.

Final Thoughts

Itchy gums are often an early warning sign of a potential problem like gum disease. Hormonal changes, new medications, or an allergic reaction can cause them, and as a result, the condition can be temporary or easy to treat a home.

However, if you have any concerns or the symptoms tend to last for more than a few days after the treatment at home, make sure to consult your doctor Teeth often get more attention than gums, however, looking after gums by brushing and flossing, and keeping an eye on any changes or irritation can help maintain overall good oral health.