Tooth brushing is a necessary part of oral health and hygiene. Therefore, it is equally crucial to find out the right toothbrush, either manual or electric toothbrush.

If you brush your teeth appropriately then both of these can get rid of plaque and keep cavities at bay.

Plaque is the root cause of decay and disease hence, brushing is essential to save your teeth.

Though in order to remove plaque you also need the right toothbrush.

So, what kind of brush should you choose if you care for your teeth and gum health?

We will discover the answer to this below. Keep reading!

manual vs electric toothbrush


Essentially dentists focus much more on your tooth brushing habits than on the type of toothbrush.

They will recommend you to get a toothbrush with soft bristles.

Moreover, they will focus on maintaining good oral hygiene by brushing twice a day.

They will guide you about brushing for at least 2 minutes, not rinsing but spitting after using fluoride toothpaste, and not using mouthwash immediately after brushing.

Though, they may still recommend you to get an electric toothbrush to improve your dental hygiene.

They are expensive and their brush heads need regular replacements, however, they have much more benefits.

Find out below!

woman using an electric toothbrush for its benefits


Electric Toothbrush Benefits

You can use a little more strength while brushing.

However, manual brushes cannot do that for you but electric ones can.

These not only vibrate but also rotate to effectively erase any plaque found in your teeth as well as gums and beneath the gum line.

This means they are…

Better in Removing Plaque 

The vibrating and rotating motion makes micro oscillating movements as you move around the brush which makes these better at removing plaque and avoiding gingivitis.

A small head electric brush reaches places where a manual toothbrush cannot reach easily.

Hence, over a period of three months, plaque reduces by 27 percent and the chances of gum disease decrease by 11 percent.

People with braces can especially benefit from an electric brush as it can remove plaque around the metal wires and brackets which manual brush don’t because they don’t rotate.

Also if you are lazy while brushing your teeth and do not brush properly for 2 minutes, you will have plaque in your mouth.

Furthermore, new smart brushes are coming with AI technology and cleaning modes that tell you when to move to another side to clean thoroughly.

So, you should get an electric one to remove all of the plaque thoroughly.

Accessible for People with Less Mobility

Electric brushes are accessible and easy to use.

They cater to people who will otherwise have a hard time brushing with a manual toothbrush.

You do not need to move your hand vigorously to brush your teeth.

Hence people who have joint diseases and disabilities like:


*Parkinson’s Disease

*Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

*Stroke and other developmental disabilities

can benefit from using this.

People with these conditions have a hard time using their hands strongly. Hence, they can make use of these better.

It is also much easier for children to use as they are not that aware of brushing properly and neither do their hands have enough strength.

kid using electric toothbrush


More Enjoyable for Kids 

While we are talking about children, it is also important to note that kids don’t particularly like brushing.

However, electric brushes make the routine fun and enjoyable for them.

The vibration and rotation of the brushes are exciting to them.

Moreover, some of these powered brushes have built-in music as well as timers to keep children in brushing mode for a total of 2 minutes.

Therefore, this helps set good oral habits and avoids brushing mistakes in them from a young age.

Easier for People with Scleroderma

This condition causes tightness around the mouth.

Therefore, it is difficult for them to use a manual brush.

Instead, electric ones are much easier.

Similarly, for people with other conditions and diseases, powered toothbrushes are easier to use.

Keeps the Gums Healthy

People brush too harshly with a manual brush that it ends up hurting their enamel and causes bleeding in the gums.

Powered toothbrushes are gentle on your gums as they contain sensors that can prevent you from going hard on your teeth.

Moreover, they also have timers that will not let you stop brushing before 2 minutes hence promoting oral health.

Additionally, people who wear braces experience less inflammation and less gum bleeding with an electronic brush.

Less Waste

A lesser-discussed pro of powered toothbrushes is that they reduce waste.

Compared to a manual toothbrush, you only need to replace the toothbrush head.

It is less than half the length so also produces less waste.

pros and cons of manual toothbrushes


Pros and Cons of Manual ToothBrush

Now that we know the benefits and pros of electric brushes, let’s talk about the manual counterpart.

These are your regular toothbrushes with no fancy sensors or features.

However, they still do the job and if you use them twice a day then you can manage to remove the plaque.

The Pros include:

  • They are affordable. Manual toothbrushes are much cheaper than constantly replacing the heads of an electric one.
  • Readily Available. You can find these in your nearby stores, gas stations, almost everywhere.
  • They do not use any batteries or power supply hence, there is no battery wastage.
  • Their small and slim size makes them portable. You can fit it in your purse or carry it along while traveling.
  • They can still get rid of plaque and clean properly as long as you put in the effort to clean properly.
  • You can also prevent any irreversible damage to the gums by brushing gently

Cons of Manual Toothbrushes 

A manual toothbrush is less efficient at cleaning plaque than an electric one.

This is because it is hard to reach certain areas with the big head of a manual brush.

Hence, you should choose a compact head but that said, electric ones still function better in cleaning plaque and preventing gingivitis.

Though brushing alone is never sufficient. Flossing (with water flossers or otherwise) goes hand in hand to keep your teeth healthy.

However, you need to be careful and not brush too hard which people usually do as it is without a pressure sensor.

This results in damage to gums if your toothbrushes’ bristles are hard or you apply a lot of pressure.

Similarly, you also need to make sure that you brush for at least 2 minutes without an in-built minute timer.

Also, they are not easy for people with liabilities and the elderly hence, they have some limitations.

Lastly, as you need to replace them every 3 months, they contribute to a lot of plastic waste.

Hence if you care for the environment these are not your best option.

While choosing a manual brush make sure that you choose one with a small head that reaches easily around your mouth and one with soft bristles.

woman applying toothpaste


Cons of Using Electric Toothbrush

Electric toothbrushes have a lot of benefits and pros but they do have some cons as well.

They are not exactly budget-friendly. These are expensive.

Moreover, you will have to constantly change replacement heads which adds to the cost.

Furthermore, it isn’t always possible to readily find replacement heads that you should replace four times a year.

They are not ideal for traveling either as you will still have to carry a backup toothbrush and its travel case.

If you do not like vibration and loud noise then you may not be a fan of the vibrating and oscillating movements and noise.

Also, though these brushes reduce plastic waste, they are not really eco-friendly.

Since they use electricity and batteries, they contribute to battery waste.

Additionally, if you do not know how to use this brush, you can cause abrasiveness

If you use force along with the vibrations of the brush then this may damage your oral tissues and cause sensitivity.

Also, it may be a concern that these brushes produce more saliva in your mouth.

Given all of these pros and cons, you can gather what type of toothbrush is better for you.

However, you should also know what you should look for in your brush while buying it.

types of brushes


What to Look for While Buying?

So, if you want a cheap, portable and effective brush you should choose a manual toothbrush.

But while buying you should make sure that it has a compact, small head that is able to reach around your mouth easily.

Furthermore, you should choose a brush with soft bristles.

Moreover, make sure that you brush gently in circular motions.

However, if you want an effective, safe and easy-to-use brush then go for an electric one.

These have types:

  • A rotation oscillation brush has circular heads that make about 3000 to 7500 strokes per minute. It not only moves but also spins back and forth.
  • The sonic toothbrush makes 31000 strokes per minute. However, it does not rotate but goes side to side with about 10 times more speed than that of a rotatory brush.
  • An ionic brush does not vibrate or move. However, the bristles function in a way that they attract plaque through a low current.
  • The ultrasonic brush vibrates extremely fast. It goes side to side while dislodging plaque due to its high-frequency vibration.

Hence, you have a variety of toothbrushes to choose from though the choice is entirely yours.

Electric and manual toothbrushes in glass in bathroom interior


Final Verdict

We have seen the pros and cons of both types of brushes and we can conclude that they suit different needs.

Therefore, if you are willing to spend some extra money to improve your oral hygiene and remove plaque effectively then you should go for an electric toothbrush.

However, a manual toothbrush can also remove plaque if you take considerations while brushing and choose the right toothbrush.

Though an electric one has more pros than cons comparatively, you should choose what goes with your needs.

Whether it’s an electric or manual toothbrush, maintaining oral health is not limited to brushing but other care as well.