Do you have malpositioned teeth and jaw and misaligned teeth? You would want to get to a dentist or an orthodontist to get them fixed before with an orthodontics treatment your teeth can cause some serious problems.
Orthodontics deals with the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment plan of misaligned teeth, malpositioned teeth and jaws, and misaligned bite patterns.
Moreover, the treatment plan depends on the desired position of the teeth and may take a few months to a few years.
However, if there are problems in your jaw, your dentist might recommend surgery to treat severe malocclusions.
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry. It deals with the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaw and misaligned bite patterns.
Let us discuss malpositioned teeth first.
Teeth that are not in the correct position are termed as Mal-positioned teeth. These teeth can be detrimental to your health. Crowding, spacing, tipped and teeth that are simply out of position can cause oral and dental complications.
Some of the problems are as follows:
When we eat, food traps between the teeth and gums increase decay and gum problems.
Malocclusions can lead to TMJ problems
Excessive wearing of tooth enamel can cause mal-positioned teeth.
Poor chewing functions and misaligned teeth cause difficulty in speaking.
Our teeth have hot or cold sensations i.e. Teeth Sensitivity.
If left untreated it can lead to gum recession.
On the analysis of your oral and dental hygiene, your doctor may either recommend fixed appliances or removable retainers to deal with malposition and misaligned teeth.
Causes of Mal-positioned teeth
In humans, both baby teeth and permanent teeth can come in crooked or they can become. This happens because they are too small to fill the amount of gum space allocated to them.
Sucking a pacifier or thumb can cause mal-positioned teeth in a child. Moreover, heredity and genetics also play a role here.
Having crooked teeth as a child does not mean that you will have them as adults as well. However, if baby teeth grow in crowded together, the permanent teeth may be crowded.
With the passing of time, there have been changes to our diet. Today, we eat soft and processed food that requires less chewing.
There has been a decrease in our jaw size and due to the smaller jaw, we have crowded, crooked and misaligned teeth according to studies.
Some habits that we have as a child also affect the growth of our teeth like thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, and mouth breathing.
When we are unable to point our upper and lower jaw together in the same position it causes overbite and underbite.
This results in Malocclusion.
If either of your parents or both have them have crooked or crowded teeth, then it is a possibility that you too will have them.
Not having your teeth checked by the dentist regularly can and ignoring your dental and oral health can cause gum diseases and cavities. This can cause crooked teeth and other dental problems.
Problems caused due to Mal-positioned Teeth
Crooked or mal-positioned teeth can cause various problems. These teeth can affect your ability to chew causing pain while you eat.
It is hard to clean them which can lead to tooth decay and gum diseases.
Mal-positioned teeth can cause excess wear and tear of your teeth, gums, and jaw muscles.
If your teeth are misaligned, they can affect the way you speak.
If you have decided that you want to straighten your misaligned teeth, there are plenty of options you can discuss with your dentist or orthodontic.
The orthodontics treatment plan can be cosmetic but it also improves your oral functions. Moreover, it depends on your dental and oral hygiene. Your orthodontist will aim to achieve the following goals:
- Closing wide gaps between your teeth
- Aligning the tips of your teeth
- Straightening your crooked teeth
- Preventing and boosting long-term gum health.
- Treating improper bites
The treatment involves your dentist improving the appearance of your teeth and Teeth Whitening. However, your chewing and speech functions will also improve.
There different types of orthodontics treatment to choose from. Your choice depends on which treatment plan is best for your needs and each treatment has its own set of benefits.
These treatments are discussed below in detail.
There are different types of braces. These are metal braces, clear braces, and self-ligating braces among others.
Braces are one of the most common Orthodontic treatments and they are modernized unlike in the past.
Braces can either be fixed or removable. However, fixed braces align or guide the teeth into the absolute position.
Types of braces:
There are various types of braces and your dentist will recommend them according to the dental problem that needs addressing.
These types are:
Metal braces: These are made of metal brackets that your dentist will place on your teeth while a metal wire is threaded on the metal which exerts pressure on the teeth. This results in the movement of your teeth into the desired position.
Lingual Braces: These are similar to metal braces; however, your dentist will apply them on the inner side of the bite.
These braces are invisible from the outside unless you open your mouth. In case you have extreme orthodontic issues, you are not a good candidate for these types of braces.
Self-Ligating Braces: The bracket and wire are significantly functional with this type. These braces are widely used by today’s dentists and are not as painful as other types.
Your dentist will recommend you to get braces if you have good oral and dental health. braces can provide a number of health benefits apart from aesthetic ones. Some of these benefits are:
It helps you prevent gum diseases and tooth decay.
You can chew your food and will see visible improvement in your speech when your teeth align and straighten.
The bones and tissues are less likely to erode after the application of braces and continue to support your mouth.
These are made out of plastic and are often tailor-made or custom-made designs. These are some of the most useful and widely used designs. They are also known as removable retianers.
These invisible braces are strong enough to put pressure on certain parts of your teeth to slowly move them to the desired location.
This treatment is invisible and removable. This means that you can easily remove Invisaligners when you want to brush, floss, or eat.
Your dentist will recommend them as they are easily removable and helps you to maintain your oral and dental health. As you can easily remove them, you can brush and floss your teeth.
They are easy and comfortable to wear.
You can learn more about Invisalign in our blog.
Your dentist will recommend this treatment to rectify the placement of your back teeth. This Orthodontic treatment aims to correct your bite and support proper jaw alignment and growth.
There are different types of headgear and the use of them depends on the orthodontic problem that your dentist addresses.
These types are:
Cervical Pull: To correct the malocclusions also termed an overjet, your dentist will use a cervical pull. The overjet is a protruding top jaw and front teeth.
The aim of this type, however, is to correct your overbite. An overbite is a misalignment between the tooth and bottom teeth which causes the top teeth to jut out.
High Pull: Your dentist will use this type to correct overbite or overjet. They will attach straps from the upper jaw to the top and back of your head.
If you have an open bite and there is no contact between the top and bottom front teeth, then your dentist will use this type. However, it also addresses excessive jaw growth in the back of your mouth.
Reverse Pull: Your dentist will use this type if you have an underdeveloped upper jaw. It is done by jutting lower teeth which extend past the upper teeth.
This type often uses rubber bands that attach to braces on the top teeth.
One of the biggest advantages of using a headgear is that it speeds up the orthodontic process. In most cases, the back molar provides enough support to move the teeth. However, to move them more quickly and accurately, headgear provides extra pressure.
Your dentist will recommend you using headgear when your front teeth need to move forward, to move teeth to fill the large gaps or when there is a severe overbite or underbite.
Your dentist will use retainers on what conditions you have and the type of braces you used. There are two types of retainers removable and permanent.
You may be given one type or may receive a removable one for your top teeth and a permanent one for your bottom teeth.
The retainers help you to keep your teeth in a straight and aligned position after the orthodontic procedure.
To avoid the chances of relapse of your newly fixed teeth, your dentist will recommend using retainers.
The benefit of the retainer is it prevents your newly aligned teeth from returning to their previous position as mentioned above.
Retainers also help treat speech impediments by adjusting tongue placements so that you can speak correctly.
Furthermore, it also helps in chewing the food properly and there is no overbite or underbite
Teeth Removal or Teeth Extraction is a rare orthodontic treatment.
Your dentist will remove your teeth if there is a severe case of gum infection or plaque that damaged the nerve endings and roots of the teeth.
Your dentist will vary out this procedure to prevent other teeth from infection and severe damage.
The benefit of orthodontic treatments
What many people do not realize is that orthodontics treatment can preemptively alleviate physical health problems.
You are more susceptible to tooth decay, gum diseases, bone destruction, chewing and digestive difficulties, and speech impairments if you do not get these treatments.
It not only improves your physical appearance but also helps you avoid dental and oral issues. With aligned and straight teeth, you are able to brush and floss them easily which helps you avoid the development of Tooth Cavities and gum diseases which can cause Gingivitis.
The alignment of the jaw and your bite improves your ability to chew and function properly. Moreover, it also reduces the wear and tear of your teeth.
To be in a straight or desirable position, your teeth will take at least a year as Orthodontics treatments are time-consuming.
The benefits of the treatment are immense as they not only improve your smile and appearance but they also improve your teeth alignment, help you to chew your food properly, and improves your speech.
You should take care of your oral health by observing a healthy diet, and wearing appliances as professionally recommended by your dentist to avoid any oral or dental issues.