Keeping your bones healthy has a great effect on the health of your mouth. This might seem odd when you think about it, however, man studies link bone disease and leads to oral health problems like Osteoporosis to Oral Health.
When you think about the bones that make your jaw and hold your teeth in place, then it makes sense to care for your bone’s overall health.
Moreover, diseases like Osteoporosis have a significant effect on your Oral Health and Dental Bones.
Recent advancements in research have shown why it affects the bones in your jaws and its effect on your oral and dental health.
A lot of people believe that they know enough bout osteoporosis and what they can do to either prevent it or cure the condition.
However, it is important to understand Osteoporosis and what effects it can have on your total hygiene and dental care.
This article comprehends the details of Osteoporosis and its effects on your oral and dental health, how to maintain good oral health and what you can do about it.
But first, let us discuss Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease, which is characterized by low bone mass with bone deterioration of bone tissue leading to bone fragility.
As described by WHO, this is a progressive systemic skeletal deterioration o bone tissue that increases bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture.
It is defined on the basis of bone mineral density BMD, assessment.
This condition causes low bone density and is reflected when a fracture occurs.
Common fracture sites are the spine, hip, forearm, and proximal humerus.
Moreover, this condition affects about 200 million people worldwide, and one in five mean sustains one or more fractures due to osteoporosis in their lifetime.
More than one-third of the women from the ages of 60- 70 years and two-thirds of women aged more than 0 have osteoporosis.
Research suggests a link between osteoporosis and bone loss in the jaw, as this bone supports and anchors the tooth.
When the jaw bone becomes less dense, tooth loss can occur which is often common in older adults.
Osteoporosis and its affects Oral Health
Osteoporosis decreases the bone density in overall bone and causes oral problems.
However, aside from affecting overall bone density, it has a direct relationship with oral hygiene and dental health.
It can affect your jaw bone and damage it. It also triggers dental and oral health issues like gum diseases or periodontal disease and loss of teeth.
Research suggests that osteoporosis affects more women than men.
Moreover, it holds for women who are already in their menopausal phases, unless they regularly use hormonal replacement therapies.
It is also important to note, that even if someone has no teeth or does no wear dentures, the effects of osteoporosis can still affect oral and dental health.
Moreover, it can affect the bone ridges that hold the dentures in proper position resulting in poor-fitting dentures.
The likelihood of experiencing tooth loss is three times more in the case of women with osteoporosis as compared to those who do not have it.
Due to the systematic loss of bone density and bone strength, the oral cavity becomes prone to infections leading to the destruction of periodontal tissue.
Bisphosphonate-based therapy for osteoporosis and its relation with the osteonecrosis of jaws has appeared as a major concern in recent years.
Thus, such patients should go for their dental checkups before the initiation of the therapy.
Osteoporosis Affecting your Jaw
The following signs and symptoms of osteoporosis of the jaw include:
- pain, swelling, or infection of the gums or jaw.
- slow healing as a result of recent dental treatment
- loose teeth, teeth mobility
- numbness in the jaw
- feeling or sensations of heaviness in the jaw
- bone exposure
It is important to contact your dentist or oncologist as soon as possible in case you develop any signs and symptoms after dental treatment.
Skeletal None Density and Dental Concerns
The portion of your jaw bone that supports your teeth is known as Alveolar Process.
Several studies indicate a link between this bone and an increase in loose teeth or tooth mobility and tooth loss.
Women with osteoporosis are 3 times more likely to experience tooth loss than those who do not have this disease.
Low bone density can result in other dental problems.
For instance, older women with osteoporosis are more likely to have difficulty with loose or ill-fitting dentures and may have less optimal outcomes from oral surgical procedures.
Periodontal disease and Bone Health
Periodontitis is a chronic infection that affects your gums and the bones that supports the teeth.
Bacteria and your body’s immune system break down the bone and connective tissues that hold your teeth in place. In such a case, your tooth becomes loose, falls out, or may need removal.
Studies suggest there is a strong relationship between bone density and periodontitis, bone loss, and tooth loss.
Loss of Alveloa bone mineral density leaves bone more susceptible to periodontal bacteria thereby increasing the risk of periodontitis and tooth loss.
Effects of Osteoporosis and Oral Health
To this date, there are not enough studies to suggest that whether treatment for osteoporosis has a subsequent effect on bone health and its density.
However, scientists are hopeful that certain efforts to optimize bone density will have a favorable impact on dental and oral health.
Bisphosphonates, a group of medications are available for the treatment of osteoporosis and are linked to the development of Osteonecrosis of the jaw, ONJ.
Moreover, the risk of ONJ is great in patients receiving large doses of intravenous bisphosphonates, a therapy to treat cancer.
The occurrence of ONJ is rare in individuals taking oral forms of the medication for osteoporosis treatment.
Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
BRONJ is a condition characterized by nonhealing exposed necrotic bone in the mandible or maxilla persisting for more than eight weeks in a patient who has taken or is currently taking bisphosphonates.
Incidents of osteonecrosis of the jaw have been reported in persons using bisphosphonates and undergoing invasive
- dental treatment procedures,
- tooth extractions,
- dental implants
- surgical and nonsurgical periodontal treatment
BRONJ is a serious oral complication occurring in 1.8% to 12.8% of the cases with intravenous BP administration
Osteoporosis and Periodontal Disease
Studies suggest that there is a direct relation between Osteoporosis and Periodontal Disease.
Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammation in the gums that affects the tissues surrounding your teeth.
Diet: If you do not take enough calcium and vitamin D it can lead to bone diseases and periodontal diseases in the long run.
Hormones: Doctors prescribe steroids for hormonal imbalance before, during, or after menopause and low estrogen levels.
These medications often lead to poor bone health and dental issues.
Smoking: In most cases, Smoking is the cause of many oral and dental issues.
It can trigger bone diseases and increase your chances of developing Osteoporosis.
Caffeine: High intake of caffeine can lead to immune dysfunctions thereby increasing your chances of developing bone diseases and dental problems.
Women and Dental Health
Research indicates that women who suffer from osteoporosis are more likely to have deteriorating oral and dental health.
Moreover, osteoporosis has a close relation with breast cancer, and in this case, is more likely to cause tooth loss.
Moreover, it is true for women who have reached the menopause stage because of hormonal imbalance.
Menopause triggers a decline in bone density in women, due to which there are more suspectable oral and dental complications than men.
With subsequent bone loss, your bone density decreases, and your bones are more prone to fractures.
You can overcome the risk of developing osteoporosis by taking enough Calcium and Vitamin D supplements.
Other than this, hormonal replacement therapies can help to restore balance.
Exercise and physical activity like jogging, yoga, low-intensity workout, high-intensity workout, swimming, etc can help you keep your bones strong and healthy.
Taking Steps for Healthy Bones
A healthy lifestyle is very critical for maintaining overall health and keeping your bones strong.
You can take different preventive steps to optimize bone health and decrease the risk of developing bone diseases.
- Eat a diet enriched with calcium and Vitamin D
- Regular physical activity or exercise like walking, jogging, yoga, high-intensity workout, etc are best for keeping your bones strong and healthy.
- Moreover, resistance exercises also help to keep your bones strong.
- Avoid smoking and limit alcohol intake.
- In case you observe loose teeth, detached or receding gums, consult your dentist immediately.
Role of Dentist And Dental X-rays
Research by The National Institue of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease, NIAMS, suggests that dental X-rays are a beneficial tool for screening Osteoporosis.
Research also suggests that Dental X-rays are very effective in distinguishing people with osteoporosis from those with normal bone density.
A number of people visit dentists and health care professionals more regularly than they see their doctor.
Dentists can help identify people with low bone density and encourage them to talk to their doctors about their bone health and maintain good oral health.
Dental concerns that indicate low bone density include loose teeth, gums detaching from the teeth or receding gums, and ill-fitting or loose dentures.
To The Conclusion
If you are suffering from osteoporosis or your body shows certain signs and symptoms like pain in the joints and bones, swelling, inflammation. And problems with mobility, meek medical advice immediately.
Moreover, Osteoporosis is linked to Oral and Dental Health. Regular check-ups with your dentist can help identify any problem related to bone density.
Dental X-rays play a crucial part in identifying low bone density, therefore, talk to your doctor to treat and prevent complications of osteoporosis. Moreover, this can help you avoid any complications with your Oral and Dental Health that could lead to tooth loss.