Do you feel a sudden pain in your teeth while drinking something hot or cold? This indicates you probably have sensitive teeth.
This usually happens when your enamel erodes exposing the dentin.
The dentin contains nerve endings who when coming in contact with certain triggers result in sudden or continuous pain.
While it is best to visit your dentist to solve your sensitivity issues, you can also try home remedies.
They can subside the pain temporarily and some can even provide long-term relief.
This article discusses how you can control sensitive teeth pain using home remedies and how to prevent it in the first place.
Sensitive Teeth Causes
When you eat or drink sugary and acidic foods without maintaining proper oral hygiene, your enamel erodes.
The bacteria inside your mouth feed on food particles stuck in between your teeth or the sugars you eat.
These bacteria settle into the crevices and grooves of your tooth.
As you use your tooth to chew food, they feed on it and release acids.
This way the acids land directly onto your tooth.
While your tooth enamel is one of the strongest materials in your body and contains 96 percent minerals, the acids from food and drinks can result in enamel erosion.
Therefore, it keeps gradually wearing down.
The enamel protects your tooth surface.
However, this allows bacteria access to the tooth structure.
As the enamel erodes, the dentin exposes.
Underneath that is the dental pulp which contains nerve endings and blood vessels.
As there is no or little enamel, the liquids and gases pass down through the dentin.
When the food and drinks come in contact with the nerve endings in the dental pulp, you experience pain.
Usually, these triggers are hot and cold foods and drinks as well as sour taste and the action of chewing.
The enamel also erodes because of plaque buildup which results due to a lack of oral hygiene.
If you do not brush and floss properly, a biofilm of bacteria accumulates on your teeth.
Furthermore, if you brush harshly and vigorously then that can be hard on your enamel, wearing it down.
Only brush twice a day, as excessive brushing teeth will cause enamel erosion.
Furthermore, teeth grinding and clenching also harm the structure of the tooth causing enamel erosion.
Getting a teeth whitening procedure may also make your teeth sensitive for a bit.
Sensitive Teeth Treatment Using Home Remedies
You cannot cure tooth sensitivity immediately.
However, you can stop the sudden pain for the time being.
Home remedies come in handy to put the pain to a pause when it suddenly hits your mouth while eating and drinking.
Swishing Saltwater rinse
Did you know that salt water rinse is antiseptic?
It can kill the bacteria inside your mouth and is as useful as a chlorhexidine mouthwash to clear plaque.
Furthermore, it can considerably reduce inflammation.
To add to all of this, it is the easiest mouthwash because all you have to do is mix water and a basic household item salt.
Take a glass of lukewarm water and mix half a teaspoon of salt in it.
Gargle with it as you do with mouthwash.
Swish it all around your mouth for 30 seconds and then spit it.
You can do it whenever you feel the sudden pain.
This household item has anti-inflammatory properties that can come in use other than a spice in your dinner.
The compound curcumin can reduce inflammation and wound healing.
Hence, it can also relieve pain.
You can directly massage some turmeric on your teeth that hurt.
Or you can make a simple paste of turmeric and water.
Another way is to mix one teaspoon of turmeric with half a teaspoon of mustard oil and salt.
Apply it to your teeth and gums to reduce the pain preferably twice a day.
Apply Capsaicin Gel
Capsaicin contains analgesic properties.
Although it is a spicy compound and is present in chili peppers, it can help reduce inflammation and also pain.
Applying the gel can help numb nerve fibers.
Hence they do not deliver the signals of pain.
Thereby, you do not feel pain.
Though when you apply it, it is likely to burn for a while as it can cause burning mouth syndrome.
You can also use a mouthwash with capsaicin as an ingredient rather than applying it as a gel.
Garlic is popularly used to treat tooth pain in folk medicine.
As you chew it, it releases a compound allicin
Allicin helps to reduce the bacteria responsible for decay.
It contains antibacterial properties to combat Streptococcus mutans, S.mutans.
As the number of these bacteria reduces by chewing garlic, the chances of getting decay and sensitivity also decrease.
Rinsing with Honey Water
Besides saltwater, honey water rinse can also help to subside pain, reduce inflammation and swelling.
Furthermore, honey helps in wound management so it speeds up the healing process.
Additionally, its antibacterial properties fight bacteria inside your mouth.
Take a glass of lukewarm water and mix a teaspoon of honey.
Rinse with it thoroughly for 30 seconds to a minute.
Swish it around all teeth but especially on those that hurt to subside the pain.
Topical Application of Guava Leaves
Guava flavonoids are pain-relieving and antibacterial.
Furthermore, they are anti-inflammatory.
You can directly chew guava leaves or apply a gel with guava leaves extract.
This can help soothe the pain and likewise decrease sensitivity because of its anti-microbial properties.
Using Green Tea As A Mouthwash
Green Tea is beneficial for your oral and physical health.
It is the healthiest drink among warm beverages.
Moreover, it has antioxidants and helps with inflammation.
Therefore make green tea to rinse your mouth with it.
Do not add sugar and make sure it contains none.
Rinse with it two times a day to decrease inflammation and soothe the pain.
Applying Clove Oil
Cloves in the form of oil or gel can help with toothache.
In fact, placing a clove at the tooth that aches can help too.
Though, it can also numb pain.
Hence, if you apply gel or oil to your gum line then it can reduce the pain you are experiencing due to sensitivity.
Using Vanilla Extract
Vanilla extract can relieve teething symptoms in babies.
It helps soothe their pain and discomfort.
This is due to its antiseptic properties.
Apply some vanilla extract on a cotton ball and place that on your gums.
You may see a decrease in sensitivity soon.
Introducing Oil Pulling to Your Routine
Oil pulling using coconut oil, sesame oil or sunflower oil can reduce oral bacteria.
It can also decrease plaque inside your mouth.
Gum recession can increase tooth sensitivity.
This is a symptom of gum disease.
Oil pulling can reduce gingivitis and gum disease.
Swish oil for 15 to 20 minutes inside your mouth and then spit it.
As it reduces plaque, it also decreases sensitivity.
Add Fluoride Products in Your Oral Hygiene Routine
Fluoride products like fluoride toothpaste, mouthwash and gel help to deliver minerals to the enamel.
The calcium and phosphate ions remineralize the enamel.
As the enamel strengthens, it decreases the chances of getting cavities and sensitivity.
They can work best with desensitizing agents to counteract sensitivity.
More on that below!
Using Hydrogen Peroxide Mouthwash
Hydrogen peroxide has antiseptic properties and is also a disinfectant.
Furthermore, it prevents infection by sterilizing wounds.
Hence, it cannot only heal, prevent infection but also inflammation.
You can make your own mouthwash with two caps of 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution and the same quantity of warm water.
Or you can use a commercial product.
Swish it around your mouth, spit and rinse it well afterward with water.
Using Desensitizing Agents Such as Toothpaste
Desensitizing toothpaste works to protect the dentin by making it less permeable.
This limits access of liquids to the dental pulp and the nerve endings inside it.
They contain potassium, metal ions and oxalates.
Furthermore, potassium nitrate protects the nerve endings from these substances.
It prevents the pain signals from reaching the brain.
As a result, you do not feel any pain even if the enamel is weak.
Using a desensitizing toothpaste together with a fluoride gel or mouthwash helps to block pain and remineralize enamel.
While you can stop the pain temporarily using these remedies, it is also preventable.
Let’s find out how below!
Preventing Pain and Sensitivity
The enamel does not contain any living cells.
Hence, once it erodes, it cannot rebuild itself.
However, it can remineralize.
It is much easier to prevent damage to the enamel than it is to recover from that damage.
You can prevent tooth sensitivity by:
- Brushing twice a day and flossing once regularly
- Using only a soft toothbrush for brushing
- Choosing to brush with a fluoride toothpaste
- Decrease drinking alcohol
- Reduce the intake of sugary foods
- Limit acidic foods and beverages
- Limit starchy foods
- Quit smoking
- Take breaks in between teeth whitening
- Wear a mouth guard overnight to prevent grinding your teeth
- Visit your dentist regularly
Schedule a dental visit if your pain does not subside using these remedies.
They may suggest other treatments.
These include fillings or a root canal treatment.
You can get a crown or fluoride gel.
Your dentist may recommend a desensitizing agent.
Furthermore, get an inlay or onlay or a surgical gum graft.
Maintain good oral hygiene and dental care.
This is the first way to prevent sensitive teeth.
Next, use these remedies to soothe your pain.