Bleeding gums can indicate a serious oral health problem or vigorous brushing and flossing.
It is a common symptom of gingivitis.
If your gums bleed quite frequently then it is time to visit your doctor.
However, if there is no serious issue then you can stop the bleeding by practicing some lifestyle changes and trying home remedies.
This article discusses the ways to stop your gums from bleeding when it is not a serious health problem.
Keep reading to find out how you can use these remedies to get healthy gums.
Bleeding Gums Causes
Your gums bleed because of a lack of dental care and oral health problems.
However, vitamin deficiency and certain other medical conditions can make gums sensitive enough to bleed.
One of the common reasons is gum disease also known as gingivitis.
The stuck food particles and bacteria result in plaque which attaches to the teeth and enamel.
However, if you do not, then it accumulates and hardens becoming tartar.
This accumulates near the gums and they start bleeding.
If they also get puffy and you will sore near the gums and mouth then it indicates gingivitis.
A worse form of gum disease can result in periodontitis or periodontal disease.
Periodontitis is more severe and can even cause you to lose a tooth if not treated on time.
The jawbone, gums and supportive tissue all become infected.
Hence, the infection in the tissues that also link your gums and teeth causes the tooth to weaken and fall out.
Another dental cause can be the use of oral appliances like dentures and braces.
If the fit is tight then it will be harsh on the gums.
Furthermore, vitamin deficiencies especially of Vitamin C and K can show through the bleeding in your gums.
If your dentist rules out any dental cause then this may be so.
Get your dose of vitamins by eating citrus fruits, greens like spinach and lettuce, strawberries and soybeans.
Also, disorders like hemophilia or leukemia may cause your gums to bleed often.
So does taking blood-thinning medicines like aspirin.
Another cause can be the hormonal changes in pregnancy.
The hormones cause your gums to become sensitive and you are likely to bleed during your pregnancy.
That said, it is treatable and also through simple home remedies. Read about them below!
Bleeding Gums Treatment
If your gums persistently bleed then you need a medical and dental checkup.
This may indicate a bleeding disorder, deficiency or oral disease that you should treat.
In your regular dental visit, they will check if you have gingivitis or periodontal disease.
A teeth cleaning can clean away the plaque and tartar that is causing your gum disease.
Furthermore, they can give medical advice on brushing and flossing properly near the gum line.
This can prevent gum disease from worsening to periodontitis.
Furthermore, they can prescribe you an antiseptic mouthwash or one which contains hydrogen peroxide.
Hydrogen peroxide mouthwashes can help to clear plaque hence, stop the gums from bleeding.
It can soothe any inflammation and soreness in the gums.
They may also recommend you to go for a soft brush rather than a hard one.
Hard bristles are harsh on your tooth enamel and gums hence brush your teeth with a soft one only to maintain good oral health and prevent inflammation of the gums.
Furthermore, they may recommend you to switch to an electric toothbrush.
Electric toothbrushes have oscillating and rotating heads that can clean plaque beneath the gum line more efficiently.
Hence, practice good oral hygiene by using the correct brush and doing that at least 2 times a day for 2 whole minutes.
Another benefit of using the electric toothbrush is that it can alert you when your 2 minutes are up.
Make sure you follow proper oral hygiene especially in pregnancy.
Any infection due to hormonal changes in pregnancy can also harm the unborn baby.
Therefore, practicing good oral hygiene by using the basics, brushing, flossing and mouthwash are your first steps.
Home Remedies and Solutions
1. Apply A Cool Compress
You can get bleeding gums without brushing.
This may usually be because of an injury and you need to soothe your gums and reduce blood flow to stop the bleeding.
You can do so by applying a cool compress such as an ice pack or even an ice cube that will suffice.
Apply it to your target area many times a day and let it be in place for 10 minutes and take breaks in between.
A cool compress will also help soothe inflammation, pain and bleeding from cuts inside the mouth.
Also if you want to immediately stop the blood flow from the gum then use gauze.
Press the area with it and as the blood flow stops, soothe it with ice after a while.
2. Decreasing Stress Levels
Stress and depression may cause you to ignore your oral health.
Hence, you may accumulate more plaque if you brush only for the sake of it.
Moreover, stress also weakens your immune system.
Your body has a weak defense mechanism and it cannot fight gum infections on its own.
Therefore, your gum disease may progress into periodontitis.
Hence, decrease your stress levels by exercising, mindfulness, doing the activities you like or taking professional help.
3. Rinse With Salt Water
Salt Water clears your mouth off bacteria and so does the action of rinsing.
Bacteria is mainly the cause of gum disease, hence swishing salt water inside your mouth will remove it.
Simply mix half a teaspoon of salt in slightly warm water.
Keep rinsing for 2 to 3 minutes, multiple times a day.
Furthermore using salt water can contain an injury and stop the bacteria from worsening it to a wound infection.
Keep the mouth clean by occasionally rinsing it with saltwater even if your gums don’t bleed.
4. Taking Vitamin C and K
A deficiency of vitamin C and K can lead to bleeding from your gums.
Hence, taking these vitamins in the form of food helps to boost your immune system.
Not getting enough of these will also worsen bleeding in gum disease.
Vitamin C also protects the gum lining and makes the connective tissue stronger.
Also, Vitamin K is important for blood clotting hence a deficiency will hinder the process of stopping bleeding.
Rich sources of Vitamin C include:
- citrus fruits like oranges
- red peppers
Vitamin K foods include:
- olive oil
- mustard greens
- canola oil
You can consult your doctor if you need supplements instead.
Your daily intake of Vitamin C should be around 65 to 90mg and between 90 to 120 micrograms of Vitamin K for women and men respectively.
5. Eating Fewer Sugars and Carbs
Reduce your daily sugar intake and also decrease the number of carbohydrates.
Starchy and sugary foods with carbs allow bacteria to feed on them which increases plaque inside the mouth.
As a result, there is a greater risk of gum disease and bleeding.
Hence, you need to cut down on sugars and eat a healthy diet with crunchy fruits and vegetables.
Crunchy veggies like carrots can maintain the cleanliness of your teeth by removing food debris.
Speaking of hot beverages, drink more green tea than coffee and tea which cause staining.
Green tea contains catechin that is an antioxidant.
Hence, it reduces inflammation due to gums that bleed, also reverses periodontitis.
Three to four cups of green tea a day can improve your periodontal health.
6. Quit Smoking
Smoking does not only lead to staining and discoloration of teeth, it also slows down healing.
It weakens healing and immunity hence the body cannot fight bacteria, causing plaque and gingivitis on its own.
Hence, it is a leading cause of gum disease.
Moreover, once the gums are damaged, the tissues cannot heal because of smoking which causes them to bleed.
Hence, quitting smoking will greatly benefit your oral health.
Not only that, quitting is beneficial to your entire body and will prevent you from the likes of lung and heart disease.
7. Trying Natural Products
Turmeric is anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory.
It can soothe inflammation and also fight against bacteria.
Hence, applying turmeric paste directly to your gums when they bleed may help soothe the inflammation and cause the bleeding to stop.
Another natural remedy for reducing bacteria in the mouth is Oil Pulling.
Oil Pulling helps to remove bacteria when you swish it around your mouth for 10 to 20 minutes in a day.
Commonly, anti-bacterial coconut oil is used but other popular alternatives are sesame oil and sunflower oil.
Remember not to swallow any oil as it will collect the bacteria in the mouth.
Spit it all and then rinse your mouth.
In order to prevent bleeding gums, you should visit your dentist regularly.
In a dental visit, your dentist checks your teeth and gums and performs teeth cleaning.
Regular teeth cleanings will prevent the accumulation of plaque and eventually gingivitis that causes your gums to bleed.
Hence, keep your dental visits a priority as oral health can protect your entire health.