You may dismiss routine teeth cleaning as unimportant but these cleanings help to keep your teeth healthy for long.
Visiting your dentist once every 6 months is essential for your oral hygiene. Even if you do not have any serious issues, you should get a cleaning.
This will not only help your teeth sustain longer but will also prevent serious infections and diseases from developing beforehand.
This article will give you an overview of teeth cleaning and what will happen in your procedure and its advantages.
Keep reading to know more.
What Happens in a Teeth Cleaning Procedure?
First, the dental hygienist examines your mouth thoroughly to look for any existing infection or gingivitis.
If there is gingivitis, then they will have to carry out a deep dental cleaning rather than routine cleaning.
They check thoroughly around your teeth to examine them using a mirror.
If there are any huge issues present then they may refer you to a dentist and you can get a Dental X-ray otherwise the dental hygienist will proceed with this procedure.
After a thorough physical exam, they can begin your procedure.
Step 1: Tartar Removal
One of the main aims of this procedure is to prevent the onset of gum disease and periodontal disease.
In order to protect your teeth from developing gingivitis or cavity, the dental hygienist will have to get rid of the plaque and tartar on the surfaces of the teeth.
The toothbrush does not reach the gum line that accurately.
Hence, there are chances of plaque and tartar accumulating there.
The dental hygienist will clean that with a scaler in between teeth and below the gum line.
If you have an issue with the scraping sounds then you will have to bear a little.
More scrapping is required in areas where there is more tartar accumulation.
You can however prevent it by brushing and flossing regularly so that there are no stuck food particles.
If you do not brush and floss properly then plaque hardens to become tartar which is difficult to remove otherwise and will require cleaning before it creates other serious problems.
Once you are done with scraping all the plaque and tartar, you can proceed to the next step.
Step 2: Teeth Polishing
There are chances that not all of the tartar removes through the scaler.
So what does the dental hygienist do next?
They brush your teeth using an electric brush.
This high-powered device has a loud grinding noise which can get a little difficult to bear but hold on as this process will deeply cleanse off all the tartar.
And obviously, if they brush, they will also require toothpaste.
This toothpaste is not your everyday use toothpaste but one which has a gritty consistency.
This allows the toothpaste to gently scrub alongside clean your teeth.
You might be thinking that you should get this toothpaste for everyday use.
Well, that’s a bad idea.
These toothpastes are good for use twice a year in professional cleanings but if you use them regularly then they will wear down your enamel real quick.
Step 3: Dental Flossing
If you will floss well regularly then you will not have to go through any aggressive oral problems.
However, that still does not compare with flossing that you can get at the hands of an expert dental hygienist.
They can have a deeper look at your problems and find areas where you can bleed.
They can have a thorough look at your teeth and find out any trouble spots.
Moreover, dental flossing can also help cleanse off the remaining toothpaste, tartar and plaque from the previous two steps so that you now have completely clean teeth.
After dental flossing you do the necessary part, rinsing.
You may not rinse with just pure water, in fact, you may get a rinse with liquid fluoride.
Step 4: Flouride Treatment Application
Lastly, your dental hygienist will apply a fluoride treatment on your teeth to help prevent the build-up of plaque, tartar and cavities for the next few months.
The dental hygienist will paste the gel or sticky gum on a mouthpiece.
This gel contains the fluoride treatment that remains on your mouth for about a minute.
Another substitute for the gel is fluoride varnish which can also help protect the teeth from cavities.
While this is the last step, your oral health and hygiene can determine if you need additional tests in these sessions.
Your dentists may advise children to get molar sealants in places where it is difficult for them to brush and where cavities could develop.
You can get a dental X-ray once in your dental visit.
This will also help check for other diseases such as malocclusion, assessing your periodontal health and get an oral cancer checkup.
They will assess the bone loss, look for any bleeding sites and depth of your pockets.
If there are troubles with your bite then an orthodontist will proceed with your treatment.
Furthermore, they will also carry out an oral cancer screening.
A dentist can easily detect oral cancer and may only need X-rays and other diagnostic tests to confirm its presence.
Also, your medical history might change in a span of 6 months so your routine cleaning also involves a history review to better assess your condition and give appropriate treatments.
In your procedure, you may additionally have to get antibiotic therapy.
If the dental hygienist seems fit, they might place antibiotics in gum pockets to avoid any future growth of bacteria.
Moreover, if you wear dentures then your dental hygienist will thoroughly clean and adjust them in your mouth.
Therefore, it is essential to regularly get these cleanings in order to stop plaque and tartar from leading to tooth decay.
Other than routine dental cleaning, you can also get a deep dental cleaning in certain circumstances.
So, what is the difference between the two? Let’s find out below.
Routine Teeth Cleaning vs Deep Dental Cleaning
A routine or regular teeth cleaning is to clean off the plaque and tartar from your teeth and gums to prevent cavities and gum disease.
It is not a very extensive cleaning and will not take a lot of time either.
Though it does help to clean your teeth and gums from areas where the toothbrush cannot reach.
Regular cleaning, every six months also helps to remove bad breath and check your mouth for oral cancer and other diseases.
Routine cleaning happens when the tartar does not invade the gums yet.
Hence, the dental hygienist easily removes it through their scaler and scrapes it off.
Though, if there is excessive tartar build-up then only deep cleaning can remove it completely.
Routine cleaning keeps the tartar at surface level but as the name suggests, deep cleaning goes deeper.
Another name for deep cleaning is root planning and scaling.
In fact, root planning is exclusive to only deep cleanings.
It eliminates andy debris or calculus present in the tooth’s roots starting below the gum line.
This procedure is also pretty extensive and may not wrap up in a single dentist visit.
The dental hygienist or dentist aims to clean the pockets deeply through a tool that ensures all the tartar and plaque has been removed from the roots and pockets.
This stops the additional growth of bacteria which can lead to tooth loss.
When Do You Need Deep Cleaning?
You will need a deep cleaning when:
- You sense an infection
If you have symptoms like gum-line swelling, loose teeth, redness, bleeding from the teeth especially while brushing, bad breath as well as pus in the gum line then you may have gum disease already.
Get a deep cleaning to clean off the tartar and plaque and prevent any entrance of bacteria.
- You have stubborn tartar
If you cannot remove the tartar in your teeth by regular brushing and flossing then you may have stubborn tartar.
This kind may only go away from a deep cleaning as they are hard now and need deep scaling.
- Existing gum disease
It goes without saying that you will need a deep dental cleaning if you already have gingivitis or periodontal disease.
So if you have had gum diseases in the past then you should get deep cleaning.
- Enlarged gum pockets
If you have gingivitis but now your gum pockets have gone deeper than 5mm then you are susceptible to periodontal disease.
Hence, you should get deep cleaning timely so that you do not have teeth loss at this point.
- You haven’t been to the dentist for more than 6 months
While it is more likely that you will get routine cleaning when you visit your dentist or dental hygienist, they may also recommend getting a deep cleaning.
This will depend on the condition of your teeth and if they seem fit that you should get a deep cleaning instead.
They will check the depth of your gum pockets even in routine cleaning procedures.
So Summing Up
You should get cleaning every 6 months when you visit your dentists for a routine checkup.
Not only will they clean your teeth, but they will also discuss your diet and lifestyle habits that may impact your oral health and will advise on that.
Hence, in order to remain cavity-free and prevent gum disease, teeth cleaning is essential every 6 months.
You can get a bright, carefree smile because of regular dental visits so do not miss that.