Whether you’re wearing braces or if you’re thinking to opt for orthodontic treatment, there’s a lot and lot of information you ought to know.

Specially, when it comes to the proper alignment of teeth and restoring your beautiful smile.

But that information doesn’t have to be bland, right?

Whether to believe it or not, some of the information about braces is pretty fascinating.

You can find out everything you need to know about orthodontics with this guide, so let’s begin!

Role of Orthodontics in Dentistry

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with treating malocclusion

Malocclusion is a condition in which the teeth aren’t positioned in a correct manner specially on closing the mouth.

It results in an improper bite. An orthodontist mostly specializes in straightening your teeth.

Treatment can be cosmetic that aims to improve the facial aesthetics or appearance of the person.

However, it majorly aims at improving the oral function too.

Types of Orthodontic Treatment

Braces and other devices are used for the purpose of straightening teeth.

Moreover, an orthodontist can carry out any sort of work that basically aims to achieve the following:

  • Aligning the tips of your teeth
  • Closing wide gaps that might be present between teeth
  • Helps to straighten teeth that are crooked
  • Treats an improper bite
  • Improper chewing
  • Speech problems
  • Helps to boost the health as well as life span of gums as well as teeth
  • Preventing long-term or excessive wear
  • Preventing any damage or trauma to the teeth

Furthermore, treatment can also improve the appearance of your teeth, but it can also lead to better speech function.

Moreover, it can also help to protect your teeth from any kind of damage or cavity.

To achieve all these goals, the orthodontist uses a wide range of medical devices that mostly include headgears, plates as well as braces.

Purpose of Orthodontics

Purpose of Orthodontics

If the jaws and teeth don’t develop in a proper manner, it can result in malocclusion.

This can result in misalignment as well as crooked teeth. Moreover, the upper as well as lower sets of teeth might not line up.

It won’t only impact your facial aesthetic but would also leave a drastic impact on your psychological well-being.

Moreover, orthodontic treatment can also help to treat the following conditions:

  • Crowding
  • Protrusion of front teeth
  • Asymmetrical teeth
  • Impacted teeth
  • Open bite
  • Reverse bite
  • Overbite
  • Underbite
  • Spacing
  • Crossbite

Orthodontic Devices

Orthodontic devices can either be removable or fixed.

Fixed Appliances

These are some of the most common devices that are used in orthodontics.

Mostly, these are used for the purpose of precision.

A person can eat in a normal way with the help of fixed appliances.

However, you’d be needing to avoid some of the foods as well as drinks specially:

  • Gums
  • Hard candy
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Sticky foods
  • People who participate in heavy sports need to tell their dental expert or orthodontist, as they might be needing special gum shields.

Other examples of fixed orthodontic appliances also include:

1. Braces

These mostly consist of wires, brackets as well as bands.

Bands are firmly fixed around your teeth and mostly serve as anchors for the orthodontic appliances.

Moreover, brackets are mostly connected to the front side of your teeth.

Wires are mostly in shape of an arch that passes through the brackets. These brackets are further fixed to the bands.

As the arch wire is further tightened, it increases pressure on the teeth and builds up tension.

As the time passes, this helps to move them in a proper place.

Moreover, the follow-up also involves regular visits to tighten your braces.

Treatment may last for several months to a several number of years.

Both colored as well as clear braces are available.

2. Fixed-Space Maintainers

If a child loses a baby tooth, we’ll be using a space maintainer that will stop the two teeth at either side of the spaces from moving into it.

Moreover, it continues to do so until the adult tooth comes through.

Furthermore, a band is fixed to one of the teeth that is mostly present next to the space.

A wire usually goes from the band to the other tooth.

3. Special Fixed Appliances

These are also the examples of fixed appliances that mostly help to control thumb sucking or tongue thrusting.

These may be uncomfortable to wear, especially while eating and therefore, they are only used whenever necessary.

Removable Orthodontic Appliances

These are mostly used for treating minor problems, such as thumb sucking or correcting the teeth that are slightly crooked.

The appliances need be taken out specially during cleaning, flossing or eating.

Sometimes, the orthodontist might be advicing the patient that he removes them particularly during certain activities like cycling or playing a wind instrument.

These mostly include:



This is the alternative to braces and is mostly used for adults. Moreover, these are virtually invisible as well as unnoticeable by others. They can be removed for the purpose of brushing, eating as well as flossing. An aligner is mostly used for 2 to 3 weeks and is later changed for a tighter one.


A strap that usually adjusts around the back of the head and is attached to a metal wire on the front side or the face bow. The purpose of headgear is to slow down the growth of upper jaw. Moreover, it also helps to keep the back teeth in proper position while the front ones are being pulled back.

Lip and Cheek Bumpers

These are specially made for the purpose of relieving the pressure that is being put by the cheeks or lips onto the teeth.

Palatal Expander

This appliance is basically designed for making the arch of upper jaw wider. Moreover, it also consists of a plate made of plastic with screws that is mostly placed on the palate, or roof of your mouth. Furthermore, the screws help to put pressure on the joints that forces them to move outwards. This also help to expand the size of the area present in the roof of your mouth.


These are also used after the treatment for the purpose of stopping the teeth from moving back to the original positions. Moreover, there are basically two types of removable retainers: 1) A Hawley retainer that is made of acrylic and metal 2) The other one is made of clear plastic Moreover, permanent retainers are glued or are bonded to the back side of your teeth.


These are placed either on the top or the lower part of the jaw. Moreover, splints are most commonly used for the positioning of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ). TMJ is a condition that also causes pain as well dysfunction in the muscles that mostly aid in the movement of the jaw.


Who is a Good Candidate For Orthodontic Treatment?

Treatment usually starts off around the age of 12 to 13 years, when your adult teeth develop fully. Children having cleft palate and lip may also require orthodontic treatment, especially before their adult teeth develop fully.

How to Diagnose the Orthodontic Issues?

We can diagnose orthodontic issues by:

· Carrying out a clinical examination

· Making plaster models of your teeth

· Taking dental x-rays of your jaw or teeth

· Taking full dental as well as medical history

How an Orthodontist’s Role Differs From a Dentist?

Your dentist will usually be recommending you to visit an orthodontist, or they might be able to do this work together as a team. A dentist usually takes care of the broader area relevant to oral health which includes treating infections and other aspects of teeth, nerves as well as jaw. While an orthodontist specifically deals with the bite and alignment issues.

What Are Braces?

These are the appliances to correct misalignment. It has several types, which include:

  • Ceramic braces
  • Lingual braces
  • Invisible braces
  • Traditional metal braces
  • Clear braces
  •  Self-ligating braces

If I Get Braces, How Long Do I Have To Wear Them?

The amount of time that is spent in braces also varies depending on each case individually, since every smile responds differently to the treatment. The time for treatment takes anywhere between 6 to 30 months, but the most standard time is 22 months.

Do Braces Hurt?

Braces don’t often hurt even though you may feel a slight discomfort for a couple of days as your gums, teeth, mouth as well as cheeks get used to the new braces.

Do I Need To Brush My Teeth More Often if I Have Braces?

With braces, you should be brushing your teeth at least thrice a day in order to keep your gums, teeth as well as the oral cavity healthy and clean. Moreover, you should also floss daily to clean the areas that are difficult to reach otherwise

Why Choose Us?

We ensure to cater to all the needs of our valued customers by offering the finest services.

We use the latest equipment as well as we have a highly trained and qualified staff.

Moreover, our services are budget-friendly and are optimized to the needs of each client individually.

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